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Calculating high school graduation rates: References

Note: some of the references below provide links to other web sites. Some of these web sites may require registration or a subscription to view materials. 

Adelman, C. (2006). The toolbox revisited: Paths to degree completion from high school through college.  Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education.

Achieve, Inc. (2006, February). Closing the expectations gap. Washington, D.C.: Achieve, Inc.

Balfanz, R., & Letgers, N. (2004). Locating the dropout crisis. Baltimore, MD: Center for Social Organization of Schools.

Bylsma, P., & Ireland, L. (2004, September). Graduation and dropout statistics for Washington’s counties, districts, and schools: School year 2002-03. Olympia, WA: Washington Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction.

Cameron, S., & Heckman, J. (1993, June). The nonequivalence of high school equivalents. Journal of Labor Economics11(1), 1-47.

Education Week (2006, June). Diplomas count: An essential guide to graduation policy and rates. Bethesda, MD: Editorial Projects in Education, Inc. Retrieved on June 20, 2005 fromhttp://www.edweek.org/ew/toc/2006/06/22/index.html.

Greene, J. P. (2002). High school graduation rates in the United States: Revised. Paper Prepared for the Black Alliance for Educational Options. New York, NY: The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. Retrieved on April 14, 2006 from http://www.manhattan-institute.org/pdf/cr_baeo.pdf.

Greene, J. P., & Forster, G. (2003, September). Public high school graduation and college readiness rates in the United States. New York, NY: The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. Education Working Paper Number 3.

Greene, J. P., Winters, M. A., & Swanson, C. (2006). Missing the Mark on Graduation Rates. Education Week.

Hall, D. (2005, June). Getting honest about grad rates. Washington, D.C.: Education Trust.

Hoff, D. (2005). Efforts Seek Better Data on Graduates. Education Week43(24), 1,31.

Ingels, S. J., Curtin, T. R., Kaufman, P., Alt, M. N., & Chen, X. (2002). Coming of age in the 1990s: The eighth-grade class of 1988 12 years later. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics.

Indianapolis Star. (2005, May 15). Missing in Action. Retrieved on April 14, 2006 from

http://www.indystar.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20050515/OPINION/505150317/1002

Miao, J. & Haney, W. (2004, October 15). High school graduation rates: Alternative methods and implications. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 12(55). Retrieved April 14, 2006 from http://epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v12n55/.

Mishel, L. & Roy, R. (2006). Rethinking high school graduation rates and trends. Washington, D.C.: Economic Policy Institute

Mortenson, T. G. (2002, May). Public high school completion by state and race/ethnicity: 1981 to 2000. Oskaloosa, Iowa: Postsecondary Education Opportunity. Number 119.

Muennig, P. (2005). The economic value of health gains associated with education interventions. Prepared for the Equity Symposium on “The Social Costs of Inadequate Education” at Teachers’ College, Columbia University.

National Governors Association. (2005). Graduation counts: A compact on state high school graduation data. Washington, D.C.: National Governors Association. Retrieved on April 14, 2006 fromwww.nga.org/Files/pdf/0507GRADCOMPACT.PDF.

Orfield, O., Losen, D., Wald, J., & Swanson, C. (2004). Losing our future: How minority youth are being left behind by the graduation rate crisis. Cambridge, MA: The Civil Rights Project at Harvard University.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2005, September 13). Education at a glance 2005: OECD briefing note for United States. Retrieved on April 14, 2006 fromwww.oecd.org/dataoecd/41/13/35341210.pdf

Rouse, C. (September, 2005). The labor market consequences of an inadequate education. Prepared for the Equity Symposium on “The Social Costs of Inadequate Education” at Teachers’ College, Columbia University.

Swanson, C. B. (2004). Who graduates? Who doesn’t? A statistical portrait of public high school graduation, class of 2001. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute. Retrieved on May 3, 2006 fromhttp://www.urban.org/publications/410934.html

Swanson, C. B. (2003). NCLB implementation report: State approaches for calculating high school graduation rates. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute. Retrieved on May 3, 2006 fromhttp://www.urban.org/publications/410848.html

U.S. Census Bureau. (2005). Educational Attainment in the United States: 2004, Detailed Tables: Table 1a. Retrieved on May 17, 2006 from http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/education/cps2004.html

U.S. Department of Education. (2005, July 13). Simon discusses need for better graduation rate data. U.S. Department of Education Press Release. Retrieved on April 14, 2006 fromhttp://www.ed.gov/news/pressreleases/2005/07/07132005.html

Yettick, H. (2005, July 14). New calculation ups dropout rate. Rocky Mountain News.

Waldfogel, J., Garfinkel, I. & Kelly, B. (2005). Public assistance programs: How much could be saved with improved education? Prepared for the Equity Symposium on “The Social Costs of Inadequate Education” at Teachers’ College, Columbia University.


This guide was prepared for the Center for Public Education by Ulrich Boser, a  freelance writer and a contributing editor at U.S. News and World Report. His work has appeared in Smithsonian, Slate, and the Washington Post.


Posted: June 23, 2006


©2006 Center for Public Education
Home > Policies > Calculating high school graduation rates > Calculating high school graduation rates: References

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