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Making time: References

Aronson, J., Zimmerman, J., and Carlos, L. (2005). Improving student achievement by extending school: Is it just a matter of time? Retrieved on June 19, 2006, from WestEd:http://www.wested.org/online_pubs/timeandlearning/TAL_PV.html

Brown, C. (2000). Extended learning initiatives: Opportunities and implementation challenges. Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers.

California Department of Education. (2006). Year-round education program guide. Retrieved on July 31, 2006, from http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/fa/yr/guide.asp

California Department of Education. (2005). Year-round education fact book 2005 - Handbook of education information. Retrieved on July 31, 2006, fromhttp://www.cde.ca.gov/re/pn/fb/yr05yearound.asp

Canady, R. L., & Rettig, M. D. (1995a). The power of innovative scheduling. Educational Leadership, 53(3), 4–10.

Canady, R. L., & Rettig, M. D. (1995b). Block scheduling: A catalyst for change in high schools. Princeton, NJ: Eye on Education.

Cavell, L., Blank, R. K., Toye, C., & Williams, A. (2005). Key state education policies on PK-12 education: 2004.  Retrieved on June 15, 2006, from Council of Chief State School Officers:http://www.ccsso.org/publications/details.cfm?PublicationID=270

The College Board. (1998, May). Block schedules and student performance on AP examinations. Research Notes, RN-03. New York: Office of Research and Development, The College Board.

Cooper, H., Nye, B., Charlton, K., Lindsay, J., & Greathouse, S. (1996). The effects of summer vacation on achievement test scores: A narrative and meta-analytic review. Review of Educational Research, 66(3).

Crawford, M. (2004). Context counts. Retrieved on June 12, 2006, from AERA.NET Publications:http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/lib/a_and_t/PDE_Context_Counts_11_9_04_Presentation.pdf

Dam, A. (2004). The 4-day school week. Retrieved on July 27, 2006, from the Colorado Department of Education: http://www.cde.state.co.us/cdeedserv/download/pdf/4dayweek04.pdf

Darling-Hammond, L. (1999). Target time toward teachers (Journal of Staff Development, 20[2]). Retrieved on July 19, 2006, from National Staff Development Council:http://www.nsdc.org/library/publications/jsd/darling202.cfm

Farbman, D. & Kaplan, C. (2005). Time for a change: The promise of extended-time schools for promoting student achievement. Boston, MA: Massachusetts 2020.

Freeman, C. (2001). Blocking the school schedule: Potential for instructional change. Retrieved on August 24, 2006, from Center for Applied Research and Educational Improvement, College of Education and Human Development, University of Minnesota:http://www.education.umn.edu/CAREI/Reports/docs/BlockingSchedules.pdf#search=%22Blocking%20the%20school%20schedule%3A%20Potential%20for%20instructional%20change%22

Graham, M. G. (Ed.) (2000). Sleep needs, patterns, and difficulties of adolescents. Washington, DC: Forum on Adolescence, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, National Research Council, Institute of Medicine.

Harmston, M. T., Pliska, A. M., Ziomek, R. L. & Hackmann, D. G.(2003). The relationship between schedule type and ACT assessment scores: A longitudinal study. Retrieved on June 1, 2006, from ACT: http://www.act.org/research/reports/pdf/ACT_RR2003-3.pdf

Irmsher, K. (1996). Block Scheduling. Educational Management, 104(March). Retrieved June 2, 2006, from ERIC Clearinghouse:http://eric.uoregon.edu/publications/digests/digest104.html

Kneese, C. (1996). Review of research on student learning in year-round education. Journal of Research and Development in Education. 29(2), 60–72.

Lare, D., Jablonski, A. M. & Salvaterra, M. (2002). Block Scheduling: Is It Cost-Effective? NASSP Bulletin 86: 54–71 Alexandria, VA: National Association of Secondary School Principals.

Legislative Analyst’s Office, State of California. (2001). Analysis of the 2001–2002 budget bill longer middle school year.  Retrieved on July 21, 2006, fromhttp://www.lao.ca.gov/analysis_2001/education/ed_08_esy_anl01.htm

Metzker, B. (2002). School Calendars. Educational Management (Publication No. ED466007(2002-03-00). Retrieved on June 1, 2006 from ERIC Clearinghouse:http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2/content_storage_01/0000000b/80/2a/35/f4.pdf

Miles, K. H. & Darling-Hammond, L. (1997). Rethinking the allocation of teaching resources: Some lessons from high performing schools. Philadelphia, PA: Consortium for Policy Research in Education.

Molnar, A. (Ed.). (2002). School reform proposals: The research evidence Tempe, AZ: Arizona State University, Information Age Publishing.

National Association for Year-Round Education (NAYRE). (2006). Statistical summaries of year-round education programs: 2005–2006. Retrieved on June 26, 2006 fromhttp://www.nayre.org/2005-06%20STATISTICAL%20SUMMARIES%20OF%20YRE.pdf

NAYRE. (1998). Twenty-fifth reference directory of year-round education programs for the 1998–1999 school year. San Diego, CA: National Association for Year-Round Education.

National Center for Education Statistics. (2005). The condition of education 2005, NCES(2005–094). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, U.S. Government Printing Office.

National Education Commission on Time and Learning. (1994) Prisoners of time. Retrieved on June 7, 2006, from U.S. Department of Education:http://www.ed.gov/pubs/PrisonersOfTime/Prisoners.html

North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. (1997). Block scheduling in North Carolina: Implementation, teaching, and impact issues, 1997 survey results. Retrieved on July 26, 2006, from Division of Accountability Services: http://www.dpi.state.nc.us/block_scheduling/1997_eoc_brief/summary.html

Northeast and Islands Regional Educational Laboratory. (1998). Block Scheduling: Innovations with Time. Providence, RI: Northeast and Islands Regional Educational Laboratory.

O’Neil, J. (1995). Finding time to learn. Educational Leadership, 53(3), 11–15.

Palmer, E. A. & Bennis, A. E. (1998). Year-round education. Retrieved on July 20, 2006, from http://education.umn.edu/CAREI/Reports/docs/Year-round.pdf.

Pechman, E., O’Brien, E., & Mullens, J. (1995). Comprehensive study of year-round schooling in Prince William County Public Schools. Washington, DC: Policy Studies Associates, Inc.

Roth, J., Brooks-Gunn, J., Linver, M. & Hofferth, S. (2002). What happens during the school day?: Time diaries from a national sample of elementary school teachers. Retrieved on June 9, 2006, from Teachers College, Columbia University: http://www.tc.columbia.edu/news/article.htm?id=4536

Strizek, G. A., Pittsonberger, J. L., Riordan, K. E., Lyter, D. M., & Orlofsky, G. F. (2006). Characteristics of schools, districts, teachers, principals, and school libraries in the United States: 2003–04 schools and staffing survey (Publication No. NCES 2006-313 Revised). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Tomlinson, J. (2004). Number of instructional days/hours in the school year. ECS State Notes: Scheduling/Length of School Year. Retrieved on June 6, 2006, from ERIC Clearinghouse:http://www.ecs.org/clearinghouse/55/26/5526.pdf

Tonn, J. L. (2006). Later high school start times: a reaction to research. Education Week, 25(28), 5, 17.

U.S. Department of Education. (1983). A nation at risk. (Publication No. 065-000-00177-2). Retrieved on June 7, 2006, from Department of Education Publication Archives:http://www.ed.gov/pubs/NatAtRisk/index.html

Wahlstrom, K.(2002). Changing times: Findings from the first longitudinal study of later high school start times. Retrieved on June 26, 2006, from Center for Applied Research and Educational Improvement, College of Education and Human Development, University of Minnesota: http://education.umn.edu/CAREI/Reports/docs/SST-2002Bulletin.pdf

Walberg, H. J. (1998). Uncompetitive American schools: Causes and cures. In Ravitch, D. (Ed.), Brookings Papers on Education Policy (pp.173–205). Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.

Walberg, H. J., Niemiec, R. P. & Frederick, W. C. (1994). Productive curriculum time. Peabody Journal of Education, 69(3), 86–100.

Walston, J. T. & West, J. (2004). Full-day and half-day kindergarten in the United States: Findings from the early childhood longitudinal study, kindergarten class of 1998–99. Retrieved on June 16, 2006, from National Center for Education Statistics: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2004/2004078.pdf

Washington, W. (2002). Optional Extended Year Program Summary 2001–2002 (Program Number 01.10, Office of Program Evaluation). Retrieved on July 26, 2006, from Austin Independent School District: http://www.austin.isd.tenet.edu/inside/docs/ope_OEYPReport%2001-02.pdf

Yarbrough, R. & Gilman, D. A.(2006). 4 days a week. American School Board Journal, 193, 43–45. Retrieved on July 10, 2006, from National School Boards Association: http://www.asbj.com/2006/03/0306asbjyarbrough.pdf 

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